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Anatomy of the Hand

The hand is composed of many different bones, muscles, and ligaments that allow for a large amount of movement and dexterity. There are 3 major types of bones in the hand itself, including:

Illustration of the anatomy of the hand

  • Phalanges. The 14 bones that are found in the fingers of each hand and also in the toes of each foot. Each finger has 3 phalanges (the distal, middle, and proximal); the thumb only has 2.

  • Metacarpal bones. The 5 bones that compose the middle part of the hand.

  • Carpal bones. The 8 bones that create the wrist. The 2 rows of carpal bones are connected to 2 bones of the arm–the ulna bone and the radius bone.

Numerous muscles, ligaments, tendons, and sheaths can be found within the hand. The muscles are the structures that can contract, allowing movement of the bones in the hand. The ligaments are fibrous tissues that help bind together the joints in the hand. The sheaths are tubular structures that surround part of the fingers. The tendons connect muscles in the arm or hand to the bone to allow movement.

In addition, there are arteries, veins and nerves within the hand that provide blood flow and sensation to the hand and fingers.


  • 4 Sections
  • 29 Lessons
  • 1 Quiz
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5 Lessons0 Quizzes
  1. शरीर और शरीर व्याख्या (शरीर और शरीर की परिभाषाएं)
  2. षडंगत्वम (शरीर के छह क्षेत्र)
  3. अंग प्रत्यंग विभाग (उपविभाग)
  4. शरीर शास्त्र विभाग
  5. शरीर ज्ञान प्रयोग और इसका विवरण इसके नैदानिक ​​महत्व के साथ समकालीन विज्ञान
परिभाष शारीरा
0 Lessons1 Quiz
  1. कुर्च, कंडरा, जाला, अस्थिसंघात, सिमंत, सिवनी, रज्जू और लसिका ?
Respiratory system
13 Lessons0 Quizzes
  1. Enlist the parts of the Bronchial tree
  2. State the location and dimension of Lungs
  3. Differentiate between Right and left Lungs
  4. Describe the Borders, Surfaces and lobes of the Lungs
  5. Explain the root of Lungs
  6. Explain the Bronchopulmonary segments of the lungs
  7. Describe the Blood supply, Nerve supply, Lymphatics of the Lungs
  8. Describe histology and Clinical Anatomy of Lungs
  9. State the extent and features of Trachea
  10. Explain the Relations of Trachea
  11. Describe the Blood supply, Nerve supply and Lymphatics of Trachea
  12. Describe the Blood supply, Nerve supply and Lymphatics of Trachea
  13. State the extent of Larynx and its external features
Upper Body
11 Lessons0 Quizzes
  1. Axilla
  2. Cubital fossa 
  3. Carpal tunnel
  4. Snuffbox
  5. Scapula
  6. Clavicle 
  7. Humerus
  8. Ulna
  9. Radius
  10. Bones of the Hand: Carpals, Metacarpals and Phalanges
  11. Shoulder joint
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